Balancing Work and Family

"The balance between work and family should always favour the family. A professional worker is easy to replace, but it is impossible to replace a mother!" An article by Rosemary Kamau, from Kenya.

Human love
Opus Dei - Balancing Work and Family

By Rosemary Kamau

Married women in today’s world often have multiple roles divided into being wives, mothers and professional workers. Some women have to work in formal employment due to difficult family circumstances. Others work outside the home for personal fulfilment “because everyone else is doing it.” Married women also need to be wives dedicated to their husbands, mothers nurturing their children and household managers running the home.

Work is a means of sanctification, but how can women balance all these roles? Spiritually they want to follow God’s will, but which role takes priority? Many women are seeking answers to this growing dilemma in their lives. It is difficult to balance all these important roles. Many women, unable to find the right balance, end up focusing more on their professional lives, which appear more rewarding and prestigious.

In today’s world it is very tempting for women to focus on themselves more and to seek their fullest potential professionally, because it has an empowering financial security. Because of their increasingly busy schedules they have less time for their husbands and children. They believe a smaller family is more manageable financially and emotionally. There is a tug of war in their hearts between following what everyone else is doing and following God’s will for them. It is therefore important to look at what Sacred Scripture and the saints teach us, so as to be guided in the right direction in matrimony.

Professional Work at Home

Stay-at-home mothers focus on their spouse, children and the home. This path is viewed by some women as less attractive because it comes with little or no prestige and financial gain in the view of some. On the other hand, some women feel being a stay-at-home home mother is the best gift they can give to their families.

Saint John Paul II realized that society today often compels women to work formally outside the home. Those who choose to stay at home to take care of the children are made to feel guilty and worthless. He commented on this issue by stating: “It is a disservice not only to children, but also to women and society itself when a woman is made to feel guilty for wanting to remain in the home and nurture and care for her children. It is also necessary to counter the misconception that the role of motherhood is oppressive to women and that a commitment to her family, particularly to her children, prevents a woman from reaching personal fulfilment and from having an influence in society. No response to women’s issues can ignore a woman’s role in the family or take lightly the fact that every new life is entrusted to the protection and care of the woman carrying it in her womb.”[1]

Saint Josemaria reminds us of Our Lady and her role as a mother and wife. The greatest of all saints, Mary spent nearly every day of her life just like millions of other women “who look after their family, bring up their children and take care of their home. Mary sanctifies the ordinary everyday things, what some people wrongly regard as unimportant and insignificant: everyday work, looking after those closest to you, visits to friends and relatives. What a blessed ordinariness, that can be so full of love for God!”[2]

Like Mary, mothers are called to love. A complete love, so complete that mothers forget about themselves and are happy just to be there where God wants them, fulfilling lovingly what God wants them to do. Mary, our mother, is for mothers both role model and a way. Mothers have to try to be like her, in the ordinary circumstances in which God wants them to live. This is what it means to do God’s will. With this way of life comes happiness, the ability to overcome selfishness and comfort seeking, the ability to understand others and serve them with a generous heart. This is the divine secret of Christian existence.

Saint John Paul II in his letter to women says, “The Church sees in Mary the highest expression of the ‘feminine genius’ and she finds in her a source of constant inspiration. Mary called herself the ‘handmaid of the Lord’ (Lk 1:38). Through obedience to the Word of God she accepted her lofty yet not easy vocation as wife and mother in the family of Nazareth. Putting herself at God’s service, she also put herself at the service of others: a service of love.”

Saint Josemaria advises mothers that it is love that gives meaning to sacrifice. Every mother knows well what it means to sacrifice herself for her children; it is not a matter of giving them a few hours of her time, but of spending her whole life in their benefit.

A mother has to teach her children to be selfless by “fostering in them faith, optimistic hope and charity; by teaching them to spend some of their time generously in the service of other less fortunate people, doing jobs suited to their age, in which they can show in a practical way human and supernatural concern for their fellow men.”[3] It takes time and commitment to be a parent. The time invested in parenting will always be worthwhile. It is difficult when the mother’s time and efforts are focused elsewhere. Life is short and mothers need the wisdom from the Holy Spirit to choose the right path to follow.

This world does not see the hidden lives of mothers, and therefore does not fully appreciate the role they play. Saint Josemaria asks, “How many mothers have you known who have been the heroines of some epic or extraordinary event? Few, very few. Yet you and I know many mothers who are indeed heroic, truly heroic, who have never figured in anything spectacular, who will never hit the headlines, as they say. They lead lives of constant self-denial, happy to curtail their own likes and preferences, their time, their opportunities for self-expression or success, so that they can carpet their children’s lives with happiness.”[4]

The job of a mother at home contributes greatly to society. In the family, the mother’s work is comparable to that of professional teachers. A mother can give her children a solid set of values and shape their character, and can make them, in turn, other teachers, thus setting up an uninterrupted chain of responsibility and virtue. “A mother has three, five, ten or more children in her care and she can make of them a true work of art, a marvel of education, of balance and understanding, a model of the Christian way of life. She can teach them to be happy and to make themselves really useful to those around them.”[5]

The home and the family will always occupy a central place in the life of a woman. For it is obvious that when she spends time on her family she is fulfilling a great human and Christian role. Nevertheless, this does not exclude the possibility of her having other professional work. Housework is also professional work. The manager of the home combines talents, creativity and skills comparable to any formal employment. The mother is the chef, house-keeper, driver, hair-dresser, barber, teacher, supply officer, interior decorator, among many other roles.

“One cannot flatly affirm that a woman has to achieve her perfection only outside the home, as if time spent on her family were time stolen from the development of her personality.”[6]

Making Time for the Family

In Kenya, most mothers work in formal employment or run businesses. Most mothers in the rural areas are farmers and housework is a small part of their work. Very few mothers work professionally as home-makers. This is partly because house help is cheap and easily available. There is also the issue of the high cost of living that forces both spouses to work formally to make ends meet.

In some cases that are increasing, more and more mothers are opting to take on travelling jobs or employment in other counties. These jobs pay more and are prestigious. Some mothers have opted to run businesses where they travel outside the country to buy merchandise to sell in their home country. These options have seen more and more women living for long periods away from their families.

Furthering their education has become a big attraction for mothers who wish to progress professionally. Some mothers have chosen to study for long periods outside their country. While other mothers study and attend classes in the evenings and weekends. Most of these mothers have full time jobs and businesses.

Many families have been adversely affected by mothers taking on too many competing roles of being a wife, mother, professional and student. There is an urgent need to balance work and family. The divorce rate has risen to alarming rates, not to mention the neglect shown children.

Mothers have to make a deliberate effort to create boundaries that prioritize their spiritual life, marriage and children. They need to rely on God’s grace and ask for his help in order to cope. It may well mean making hard choices in favour of the family. A mother may decide to quit a well-paying job for a lower-paying one so as to spend more time with the family. A mother may decide not to pursue studies so as to spend more time teaching her children about God and helping them with their homework. A wife may also decide to spend more time with her husband instead of working overtime in the office.

Saint Josemaria says, “The attention she gives to her family will always be a woman’s greatest dignity. In the care she takes of her husband and children or, to put it in more general terms, in her work of creating a warm and formative atmosphere around her, a woman fulfils the most indispensable part of her mission. And so it follows that she can achieve her personal perfection there.”[7]

Pressures on Family Life

The family is under attack today. Materialism, selfishness and even infidelity are a great danger for many couples today. Mothers are far too busy and the children are left under the care of house-helpers. Some of these persons invited into the home have been known to negatively influence children in terms of their faith and morality. The children are exposed to drugs, pornography, materialism and immorality. Today, mothers seem to have very little time to teach the children the most important things in life like the Catholic faith, values and virtues.

Mothers are often hardly ever home any more. They are travelling, working, at women’s meetings, at the salon, at the gym, in class or having “me” time. The husbands and children are exposed to all sorts of temptations that could have been prevented. Husbands feel neglected and find solace elsewhere. Children are bribed for their mother’s absence by gifts of fancy new smart phones, large televisions and all sorts of gadgets that expose them to the world of pornography, promiscuity and drugs.


We can conclude with words of Pope Francis: “It is beautiful when mothers teach their little children to blow a kiss to Jesus or to Our Lady. What tenderness there is in this! . . . In that moment the child’s heart is transformed into a place of prayer. And this is a gift of the Holy Spirit.” Mothers need to realize their important role and focus on the mission God has given them. The balance between work and family should always favour the family. A professional worker is easy to replace, but it is impossible to replace a mother!

[1] Pope John Paul II Speaks on Women, edited by Brooke Williams Deely,

p. 251: The Catholic University of America Press, 2014, Washington DC.

[2] Josemaria Escriva, Christ is Passing By, “To Jesus through Mary,” no. 148.

[3] Josemaria Escriva, Conversations, “Women in Social Life and in the Life of the Church,” no. 111.

[4] Josemaria Escriva, Friends of God, “In the Footsteps of Christ,” no. 134.

[5] Josemaria Escriva, Conversations, “Women in Social Life and in the Life of the Church,” no. 89.

[6] Josemaria Escriva, Conversations, “Women in Social Life and in the Life of the Church,” no. 87.

[7] Josemaria Escriva, Conversations, “Women in Social Life and in the Life of the Church,” no. 87.